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Vestibular Physiotherapy Calgary

 

What is vertigo?

Ever felt like the room was spinning? Vertigo, in particular benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV), is a common disorder in which patients complain of spinning and dizziness. Vertigo occurs when there is a problem with the inner ear, brain, or sensory nerve pathway.Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV) is the most common type of vertigo and it can be characterized by brief periods of dizziness when the head is moved in specific positions.

Brentwood Physiotherapy Vertigo Treatments

Symptoms of Vertigo

The primary symptom associated with vertigo is dizziness. With vertigo there is a sensation of motion, often things feel as if the room is spinning around you.The duration symptoms can range from minutes to hours, and symptoms can occur in infrequent episodes or chronically.

Below we have listed the most common symptoms of vertigo:

  • Dizziness
  • Nausea
  • Sweating
  • Abnormal eye movement
  • Vomiting
  • Difficulty walking

Your Ears Role

Your vestibular system is comprised of several structures and tracts inside the ear. The main components can be found in the inner the ear, in a system of interconnect compartments called the vestibular labyrinth. This is made up of the semicircular canals, otolith organs and receptors, all of which play a roll in vestibular sensation.

Your semicircular canal are three tiny, fluid filled tubes in your inner ear that contain hair like sensors which monitor the position of your head. When you move your head, the liquid inside the semicircular canals sloshes around and moves the tiny hairs that line each canal. These hairs translate the movement of the liquid into a nerve message that is sent via the vestibulocochlear nerve to the cerebellum in your brain.

The otolith organs are in-between the semicircular canals. They the monitor movements of your head — up and down, right and left, back and forth — and your head’s position related to gravity. One of the otolith organ is called the utericle and it contains crystal like structures, called otoconia.

Inner Ear AnatomyThe otoconia are made up of a mixture of calcium carbonate and protein matrix. Sometimes these crystals can become dislodged and when they do, they move into one of the semicircular canals. This in turn causes the semicircular canal to become super sensitive to changes in your heads position. Resulting in the primary symptom of vertigo, dizziness.

What Cases Vertigo?

Vertigo tends to be more prominent in older individuals, this is due to the natural degeneration of the vestibular system. The most common causes of vertigo are minor/major head trauma, infection, disease and believe it or not, nothing. Quite often there are no known causes for vertigo, one day you’re fine and the next day you wake up feeling as though you are on a roller coaster.

When a cause can be determined, it is often associated with trauma. 8.5% of vertigo cases are a result of direct trauma. This can range from a minor bump on the head when walking through a low doorway or a in more serious cases, a motor vehicle accident. While one does not usually think of surgery as trauma, nevertheless vertigo often presents itself after surgery, including dental work. Less common causes of vertigo include migraines, disorders that interfere with your inner ear and damage that occurs when individuals are in a prolonged position. For example, when your hair dresser washes your hair in a hair salon, your head is positioned back in the sink. Leaving your head in a prolonged position like this will sometimes result in vertigo. With the many different causes of vertigo, one thing can be certain, the treatment is always the same.

Physiotherapy for Vertigo

Physiotherapy is the primary treatment for vertigo. It’s the first tool in the toolbelt that patients, and doctors alike reach for — mainly due to its immediate effectiveness. A physiotherapist in Calgary will introduce specific techniques and treatments that will alleviate the symptoms of vertigo quite often during the first treatment. Once symptoms are alleviates your physiotherapist will introduce exercises and and vertigo specific movements for you to complete at home that will prevent vertigo from occurring in the future.

Brentwood Physiotherapy Specializes in treating Vertigo

Brentwood Physiotherapy has a team of physiotherapists in Calgary with experience and expertise in the treatment of vertigo. We have brought on two additional physiotherapist, each with 30years of experience, that specialize in the field of vertigo. Our physiotherapist utilize the latest evidence based exercises and treatments to manage each patients symptoms and prevent further incidents. The combination of one-on-one treatments with the physiotherapist and their attention to detail will have you back to doing whatever your normal is.